Viewing entries tagged

Toning doesn't exist

This is a post by Rachel Carpenter (@bothgirl). Check out her blog for her daily workouts!

So your fitness goal is to “tone up”.

I think what you meant to say is that you want to increase your muscle size and lower your body-fat percentage so that you appear to have more muscle definition. 

Cameron Diaz isn’t “toned”. She has developed her muscles and eats a clean diet for a low body-fat percentage so that those muscles can actually be seen.


You see - there is no such thing as toning, and I’m going to explain to you why.

I hear from one girl after another, telling me that they “don’t want to get big”that they “just wants to tone”.

This has always frustrated me, because I know that a musclecan only get bigger or smaller. It’s not a shape shifter. Unfortunately, the media has marketed the toning myth to us for quite some time – but it’s not too late to get educated on the facts. 

Shall we have a short lesson in anatomy?

  • Our muscles are anatomically confined to the space between our joints and our bones.
  • They cannot get longer; they have a starting point and an ending point.
  • Between those two points the muscle can only grow bigger or smaller. It can’t change its shape.

The “toned” look that most people are hoping for is actually a result of an increase in muscle size paired with a lowering of body fat percentage so that you can more easily see the muscles. In order to get that look you need to:

  1. Build up muscle (through strength training)
  2. Lose the fat around the muscle (through a clean diet) 

The misconception surrounding toning beings with the myth that doing light weight and high reps will result in lower body fat and increased muscle. This is essentially cardio, and all this really means is that it’s going to take you a heck of a lot longer to grow that muscle that you want to see. This is also why so many people struggle to see progress. 

The biggest offenders of this “toning” fad are the barre or ballet type classes, as well as Pilates. Don’t get me wrong, there are benefits to both of these types of exercises, but they claim to give you “long, lean muscles”, which is anatomically impossible.

By participating in these types of exercises, with the hope of “toning”, you’re just building your muscles more slowly than you would if you were strength training with heavier weights. You might achieve other benefits, but this is the hard way to get a lower body fat percentage.

I’d love to stop hearing the word “toned” – and I’d love to see a lot more women in the weight room. Don’t take my word for it. Find someone, like Cameron Diaz, who you want to look like and find out what they are doing. Chances are, they aren’t “toning” or practicing magical spells to get those results.  Remember to avoid the fads and stick to the facts…and don’t be afraid of heavy weights.

How Many Reps Should I Do?

You pack your gym bag, head over to the gym, get changed, and you’re all set to start your workout. You grab some dumbbells, get into your starting position, and then you realize you’re missing something… HOW MANY REPS SHOULD I DO???

If you don’t know what a ‘rep’ is, it’s just a single completion, or repetition, of an exercise movement. This week we’re going to dive into understanding what rep range (or number of reps) is best suited for you.

For Getting Toned → 12-15 reps: This kind of rep range is normally used to tonemuscles. With a higher rep range and lower weight, you develop muscle endurance. Your rest between sets should be 30 to 60 seconds.

For Building Muscle → 8-10 reps: This range is ideal for muscle hypertrophy (building muscle size). If you’re trying to bulk up and add muscle mass - this rep range is for you.  Your rest between sets should be 60 to 90 seconds.

For Gaining Strength  4-6 reps: With a low rep range you’re able to lift more weight. Because of this, you’ll be yielding your best strength gains. This rep range is generally used by serious weightlifters and athletes who need to be extremely strong but not necessarily big in size – as this rep range is not optimal for hypertrophy (as discussed above). If your main training goal is muscle growth - low reps won’t do it for you. However,adding low reps into your workout program will help you build some extra strength which can only help you improve in other areas of your workouts. Your rest between sets should be  2-3 minutes, because you need a fuller recovery in order to repeat such strenuous lifting.

Warning: Although a lower rep range enables you to lift more than you normally would, it is not recommended unless you are extremely confident in your ability and form. If you are just starting out or have only been working out for a couple of years, you should stick to higher rep ranges (and lower weight) until you can perform exercises perfectly. If you use poor form with higher weights, you are at a very high risk of injury.

Ultimately, the rep range you will be using during your workouts is going to largely depend on your training goal. The above information is to help you understand why there are different rep ranges and what they’re generally used for. Never be afraid to incorporate different strategies into your workouts - as long as you do so in a safe and controlled manner. As you become more experienced with working out and weightlifting, you’ll find what works best for you!